The Longest Continuously Inhabited Cities in Africa 0 Africa is the world’s second largest and the second-most-populous continent. Throughout the years, the African civilization has contributed greatly from traditional food production, creative arts and technology such as copper smelting. The cities from northern to southern Africa has since then continued to develop each of their own history. Some turned into European colonies, famous trade sites, or as heritage sites. But despite these changes, these old cities remain to be inhabited, alive and busy up to the present. Northern Africa Faiyum Photo by: Moh.Helal via Panoramio Location: Faiyum Governorate, Egypt Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 4000 BC Cool Fact: During the time that the Romans occupied Egypt, it was a common practice to paint a realistic-looking portrait of a deceased person and attach it to the mummy. These portraits became known as Faiyum mummy portraits. Luxor, aka Thebes (Greek) Photo via: Next Trip Tourism Location: Egypt Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 3200 BC Cool Fact: The numerous ruins of ancient temples and tombs gave Luxor the reputation of being the world’s greatest open air museum. Zeila/Avalite Photo via: Somaliland Travel Location: Somalia Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 9th century BC Cool Fact: This is a major trading city and seaport in the Horn of Africa. Carthage Photo via: Rainy Days Aern’t Always Bad Location: Tunisia Continuously Inhabited Since: 814 BC Cool Fact: This center of the ancient Carthaginian Empire was founded by the Phoenicians. Yeha Photo by: Olivier Vuigner via Panoramio Location: Ethiopia Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 700 BC Cool Fact: The well-preserved temple of Yeha is the oldest standing structure in Ethiopia. Cape Guardafui Photo via: Faro Francesco Crispi Location: Somalia Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 500 BC Cool Fact: This city is located right at the tip of the Horn of Africa. Axum Photo via: Goista Location: Ethiopia Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 400 BC Cool Fact: The archeological sites in Axum are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Berbera Photo via: Wikipedia Location: Somalia Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 400 BC Cool Fact: Berbera was owned by the British from 1888 to 1960, serving as the capital of the British Somaliland protectorate. Alexandria Photo via: Wikipedia Location: Egypt Continuously Inhabited Since: 332 BC Cool Fact: Alexander the Great founded Alexandria to link Greece with the Nile Valley. Djenné-Jeno Photo via: Ancient Africa Location: Mali Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 200 BC Cool Fact: Archaeological evidence suggests that the urban development of this city was quite complex as early as 900 AD. Ghadames Photo via: Amusing Planet Location: Libya Continuously Inhabited Since: 19 BC Cool Fact: Ghadames is an oasis town, which means it is located in an area of vegetation surrounded by desert. [AdsWithin] Old Cairo Photo via: Al Rahalah Location: Egypt Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 100 Cool Fact: Old Cairo is a part of Cairo that consists of the remnants and ruins of the cities that were there before Cairo. Kismayo Photo via: Kismaayo Location: Somalia Continuously Inhabited Since: 4th century Cool Fact: This town is located on the Indian Ocean near the mouth of the Jubba River. Mogadishu Photo via: Sahan Journal Location: Somalia Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 700 Cool Fact: Mogadishu is the capital of Somalia. It is Somalia’s largest city and an important seaport. Fes Photo by: Tompspider via Panoramio Location: Morocco Continuously Inhabited Since: 789 Cool Fact: The old medina Fes el Bali is known as one of the world’s largest car-free urban areas. Marrakesh Photo via: World for Travel Location: Morocco Continuously Inhabited Since: 1070 Cool Fact: Marrakesh is nicknamed “Red City” or “Ochre City” because it has many buildings made of red sandstone. Southern Africa Igodomigodo Photo via: Havar Bauck Location: Nigeria Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 400 BC Cool Fact: Now known as Benin City, Igodomigodo is the center of Nigeria’s rubber industry. Ife Photo via: Fine Art America Location: Nigeria Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 350 BC Cool Fact: Most of the inhabitants belong to the Yoruba ethnic group, one of the largest in Africa. Sofala Photo via: Pleasetakemeto.com Location: Mozambique Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 700 Cool Fact: Sofala became an important part of the gold trade during the 10th century. Lamu Photo via: Travelblog Location: Kenya Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 1300 Cool Fact: Lamu was one of the first Swahili settlements along the east coast of Africa. Cape Town Photo via: AirPano Location: South Africa Continuously Inhabited Since: 1652 Cool Fact: Cape Town was founded by the Dutch East India Company to be able to supply Dutch trading ships heading east. Kumasi Photo via: Lamu Port Agency Location: Ghana Continuously Inhabited Since: c. 1680 Cool Fact: Kumasi is nicknamed “The Garden City” because, as a rainforest, it has many different species of flowers and plants.